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Religious Glossary - common terms used related to Religion

Wicca - A neo-pagan reconstruction of witchcraft. Most Wiccans call themselves witches, but not all witches are necessarily Wiccan. (SpiritOnline).

Wicca is a modern Western interpretation of witchcraft, and a Wiccan is one who practices Wicca. Wiccans often call themselves witches. Wicca is one belief system within what is called Neo-Paganism. Wicca is generally described as a Nature Religion. Witchcraft belief. (TheGreenFuse)

The terms "Wicca" and "Wiccan" came into common usage in the late 1940's, after Gerald Gardner wrote a series of books on Wicca. Perhaps because of its concern for the environment, its close ties with nature, and its emphasis on sexual equality, Wicca experienced a rapid increase in popularity which continues today. Barnes and Noble estimates a US "Pagan Buying Audience" of 10 million; Other recent estimates of the number of US Wiccans are of the order of 1 to 3 million.(Religious Tolerance)

Wicca represents an ancient religion of love for life and nature. Wicca is easily one of the most irrepressible religions in the world because it stimulates the intellect, promotes a simple, practical way of life and, most importantly, is emotionally satisfying. Brought into the public eye in the 1950's by Gerald Gardner after the repeal of British anti-witchcraft laws, Wicca is now a strong, healthy and popular religion and movement.

Wicca is a nature-oriented (not nature-worshipping), initiatory, pagan mystery religion based on the traditions and beliefs of tribal Europe, with significant influence from Western magical traditions and a ritual structure based on the writings and practices of Gerald Gardner and the covens of the New Forest region.