Religious Glossary - common terms used related to Religion
Modernism - Within the Catholic Church, Modernism
denotes the attempt of scholars and theologians to bring religious
thought into harmony with the scientific findings and secular
philosophies of the day. Coming into prominence around the
same time as Protestant Liberalism, Catholic Modernism had
many of the same goals: to strip religion of its supernatural
element and make theology more rational and scientific. Names
associated with Catholic Modernism are Alfred Loisy, George
Tyrell, and Edward LeRoy.
17th. Century Rationalism culminating by the 1800's in a
disbelief in the possibility of the supernatural. Rejection
of the Bible as divinely inerrant, and replacing Christianity
with modern sciences and altruistic political schemes. Essentially,
man as his own savior.
Modernism in the cultural historical sense is generally defined
as the new artistic and literary styles that emerged in the
decades before 1914 as artists rebelled against the late 19th
century norms of depiction and literary form, in an attempt
to present what they regarded as an emotionally truer picture
of how people really feel and think. (wikipedia).